FAQs on Pollution in Drug, Cosmetics & Homeopathic Industries
Q1: What are the main pollutants in the pharmaceutical Industries ?
Ans: Air and Water.
Q2: Which Act control Air and water pollution ?
Ans: Water: Prevention and Control Pollution Act, 1974. Air: Prevention and Control Pollution Act, 1981
Q3: Which department regulates pollution ?
Ans: State Pollution Control Board of the state.
Q4: Which is the latest guidelines regarding categorization of polluting industries ?
Ans: Central Pollution Control Board vide guidelines dated 07-03-2016 has categorized polluting industries into four categories. i.e. 1. Red 2. Orange 3. Green 4. White.
Q5: Name of the Industries fall under Red category.
Ans: Industries manufacturing Bulk drugs.
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Q6: Name of the Industries comes fall under Orange category.
Ans: Toothpowder, Toothpaste, Talcum powder and other cosmetics, Ayurvedic and Homeopathic drugs, Liquid floor cleaner, Black phenyl, Liquid soap, Starch, Surgical & Medical products and Surgical cotton industries.
Q7: Name of the Industries comes fall under Green category.
Ans: Phenyl / Toilet cleaner, Formulation and bottling, Soap manufacturing (hand made without steam boiler), Distilled water without boiler
Q8: Name of the Industries comes fall under White category.
Ans: Medical Oxygen, Surgical and medical products assembling only (not involving effluent)
Q9: For which category NOC not required from Pollution Control Board ?
Ans: White category.
Q10: Name of the industries which have been exempted for obtaining NOC.
Ans: Ayurvedic and Homeopathic medicine (Without boiler), Bindi making units, Nail polish, Tooth powder, Hair oil, Shampoo and tooth paste with blending only, Medical & Surgical instruments and equipment without a wet process, Orthopaedic equipment without casting / wet process, Surgical and medical products not involving effluent / emission generating processes.
Q11: Is hospital required NOC from Pollution Control Board?
Ans: Yes. NOC required from Pollution Control Board as it comes under Orange Category.
Q12: Is blood bank required NOC from Pollution Control Board ?
Ans: Not required if they have made arrangement / agreement for third party waste management as per Hazardous Waste Management and Handling Rules, 2016.
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