India and Pharmacy Education: Chapter: 2
Continued……. India and Pharmacy Education: Chapter: 1
Pharmacy is all about medicines. It is the branch of science which deals with right from the inception of drug molecule, its research, development, manufacturing, packaging, labeling, distribution, dispensing, regulation, administration and analysis.
Although the first institute was established in the year 1932, the class of pharmacy started long before. The “First Pharmacopoeia of India” was published in 1868 under British Monarchy in India. The foremost pharma education was imparted in 1886 at Madras Medical College.
It offered two years study with middle school examination as an eligibility condition. In 1894, the certificate of Chemist & Druggist was given in Madras to the students who attended full courses of instruction in practical pharmacy, material medica, chemistry and practical chemistry in the medical college. A similar certificate course started in Chennai too.
And then the Pharmacy Education witnessed many milestones at different points of time. 1939 was the year when the First issue of Indian journal of Pharmacy was released. It is an official publication of The Indian Pharmaceutical Association (IPA) which was formed with the objective to promote the sciences and arts of Pharmacy in all aspects.
The Pharmacy education and profession in India is regulated by the Pharmacy Council of India, a statutory body under The ministry of Health and Family welfare which is governed by the provisions of the Pharmacy Act, 1948 passed by the Parliament with along code of “An Act to regulate the profession of pharmacy.”
This Act was the result of recommendations of the Selection Committee of the Pharmacy Bill, which was introduced in the Legislature in the year 1947; “The year of Independence of India”.
The Pharmacy Act 1948 has 5 Chapters which 46 sections. The major amendment to the Act was made in 1976 to Section 42 of the Act followed by different amendment and Adaptation orders in the following years.
To be continued……. India and Pharmacy Education: Chapter: 3
By Dr. Kumud Madan
Author is Associate Professor at Sharda University, Greater Noida, India
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