FSSAI: Food Labelling and Display – Chapter-1

Understanding the basics of food labelling regulations is essential for both consumers and producers

FSSAI Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
Former Dy Commissioner, FDCA Gujarat |
Director, Parishil Laboratories Pvt Ltd. Ahmedabad |
Email: rohika2003@yahoo.com
Dipika Chauhan

Last Updated on April 28, 2024 by The Health Master

Food Labelling

General Requirements for Food Labelling: Navigating the Regulations

Food Label FSSAI Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
Food Label FSSAI

In the fast-paced world of food consumption, ensuring that consumers are well-informed about the products they purchase is of utmost importance.

Food labelling regulations play a pivotal role in achieving this, providing a framework for manufacturers to communicate essential information to consumers.

Let’s delve into the general requirements outlined in these regulations.


Understanding the basics of food labelling regulations is essential for both consumers and producers.

The regulations mandate that every pre-packaged food must bear specific information unless otherwise stated.

This ensures transparency and empowers consumers to make informed choices about the products they buy.

General Requirements for Pre-packaged Food

The core of food labelling regulations lies in the general requirements applicable to all pre-packaged foods.

These requirements cover a spectrum of information, from batch numbers to expiration dates.

Complying with these regulations is not just a legal necessity but also a commitment to consumer safety.

Labelling for E-commerce and Direct Selling

In the era of online shopping and direct selling, the regulations adapt to ensure that consumers receive mandatory label information before making a purchase.

This includes details like batch numbers, best before dates, and manufacturing information.

The aim is to maintain consistency in information whether the product is sold in a physical store or through digital channels.

Avoiding False or Misleading Descriptions

One of the critical aspects of food labelling regulations is the prohibition of false, misleading, or deceptive descriptions.

Manufacturers are obligated to present their products truthfully, without creating erroneous impressions.

Failure to comply can result in severe consequences, emphasizing the gravity of accurate product representation.

Permissible Display on Labels

While the regulations lay down strict guidelines, they also provide room for creativity in label design.

Information or pictorial devices are allowed as long as they don’t conflict with regulatory requirements.

This flexibility encourages manufacturers to present their products attractively while staying within the bounds of the law.

Language Requirements on Labels

The regulations specify that label information must be in English or Hindi in Devnagri script.

However, the use of additional languages is permitted, as long as they don’t contradict the information presented in English or Hindi.

This accommodation caters to diverse consumer bases, acknowledging linguistic diversity.

Secure Application of Labels

Ensuring that labels stay securely attached to packaging is a crucial aspect of compliance.

Labels must withstand normal handling conditions and remain affixed to the container.

Manufacturers must invest in robust labelling methods to prevent accidental label separations, which could lead to misinformation.

Clear and Legible Labelling

Label content should be clear, unambiguous, prominent, conspicuous, indelible, and readily legible.

This ensures that consumers can easily access and understand the information provided.

Meeting these visibility criteria is vital for effective communication and consumer satisfaction.

Outside Containers and Wrappers

When an outside container or wrapper is used for retail display, it must contain all necessary declarations.

Exceptions apply when the container or wrapper is transparent, allowing consumers to read the information on the inner package easily.

This balances the need for visibility with practical considerations.

To be continued……. FSSAI: Food Labelling and Display – Chapter-2

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