Nanoscience is the study of materials which are in nanoscale range. Conversion of any material in nanoscale results in alteration of its physicochemical, biological, mechanical, optical, electronic, etc. properties.

These newly acquired (novel) properties of the materials due to conversion into a nanoscale can be utilized for different useful activities.

Thus, it is an enabling technology, relevant for diverse sectors, such as chemicals, consumer products, health, energy, various other industries and the environment.

The use of this technology is increasing exponentially in the pharmaceutical sector.

Nanopharmaceutical is an emerging field that combines nanotechnology with pharmaceutical and biomedical science with the goal of targeted drug delivery which may improve efficacy and safety profile.

The concept of 5Rs: ‘right target/efficacy’, ‘right tissue/exposure’, ‘right patients’, ‘right safety’, and ‘right commercial potential’ as postulated by Cook D et al (2014) may help in successful development of nanopharmaceuticals.

Click below for guidelines for evaluation of nanopharmaceuticals in India Jointly Prepared by Department of Biotechnology, GoI and Indian Society of Nanomedicine