Storage conditions of drugs

Last Updated on March 13, 2021 by The Health Master

Storage conditions of drugs

Medical Store Pharmacy
Picture: Pixabay

Storage conditions and limit

Storage ConditionLimit
Room Temperature                         20° to 25°
Cool Storage Condition8° to 15°
Cold Storage condition2° to 8°
Fridge Storage condition-4° to 2°

List of Refrigerated Drugs and Medicines

Drugs/medicines which are required to be kept in the refrigerator are called refrigerated drugs / medicines. Temperature of the refrigerator should be between range of 2C to 8C. This temperature is required for maintaining stability and potency through out self life of the drugs / medicines. These drugs / medicines are very sensitive in nature and requires some extra care while manufacturing, transportation, stocking, prescribing, etc.

There are some other drugs which are required to be stored at  temperature of -15C to -20C. These drugs / medicines  are covered under Schedule C of Drug and Cosmetic Act & Rules, 1940. The storage conditions are to be mentioned on the labels of the drugs / medicines.

List of Refrigerated drugs are as under:

  • Sera
  • Serum proteins
  • Vaccines.
  • Toxins
  • Antigen
  • Antitoxins
  • Neo-arsphenamine and analogous substances used for the specific treatment of infective diseases.
  • Insulin
  • Pituitary (Posterior Lobe) Extract
  • Adrenaline and Solutions of Salts of Adrenaline
  • Specific Antibiotics and preparations (Parenterals and Non Parenterals)
  • Bacteriophages
  • Ophthalmic preparations
  • Sterile Disposable Devices for single use only
  • Some plant extracts like digitalis, ergotamine etc 

Definitions of Storage Conditions As Per IP 96

1. COLD: Any temperature not exceeding 8°C and usually between 2°C to 8°C. A refrigerator is a cold place in which the temperature is maintained thermostatically between 2°C to 8°C.

2. COOL: Any temperature between 8°C and 25°C. An article, for which storage in a cool place is directed may alternately, be stored in a refrigerator unless otherwise specified in the individual monograph.

3. ROOM TEMPERATURE: The temperature prevailing in a working area.

4. WARM: Any temperature between 30°C and 40°C.

5. EXCESSIVE HEAT: Any temperature above 40°C.

6. LIGHT RESISTANT CONTAINERS: A light resistant container protect the content from the effect of actinic light by virtue of the specific properties of the material of which it is made.

7. WELL CLOSED CONTAINER: A well closed container products the contents from contamination by extraneous liquid and from loss of the article under normal condition of handling, shipment, storage and distribution.

Storage conditions of different drugs as per IP

1. In a Frozen State: Ceftazidime Inj
2° to 8° C: Antisera
  Biphasic Isophane Insulin Inj
  BCG Vaccine
  Carbenicillin Sodium Inj. [Biopence™ Carbelin™ Pyopen™]
  Carboprost Tromethamine Inj. USP [Endoprost™, Prostodin™]
  Desferrioxamine Mesylate Inj. [Desferal 0.5 g™]
  Dilzem™ Inj.
  Dinoprostone Gel [Cerviprime 0.5mg.™Primiprost™]
  Ergometrine Maleate Inj.
  Gas-Gangrene Antitoxin (Oedematiens)
  Gas-Gangrene Antitoxin (Perfringes)
  Gas-Gangrene Antitoxin (Septicum)
  Hepatitis B Virus Vaccine (H B Vac™ Enivac HB™ Engerrix B™
  Heppacine-B™ Shanvac-B™) 
  Human Normal Immunoglobulin [Histaglobulin ™ (lyophillised) 
  Insulin Inj. (e.g. Insuman ™ 50/50)
  Measles Vaccine, Live (M-Vac™)
  Methylergometrine Maleate Inj.
  Mixed Gas Gangrene Antitoxin 
  Plague Vaccine
  Poliomyelitis Vaccine, Live (oral)[Polio Sabin™ Oral Polio™]
  Protamine Sulphate Inj.
  Rabies Anti-serum-Equine
  Rabies Immuno Globulin (Human) EP [Kamrab™]
  Rabies Vaccine Human (Neural Tissue)
  Rabies Vaccine, Human (Cell Culture)[Abhayrab™]
  Recombinant Streptokinase (r-Streptokinase) Inj. 1,500,000 IU
  Rho (D) Immune Globulin (Human) 50µg, 150µg, 300µg    
  Rubell Vaccine Live BP [R-Vac™ (lyophillised)]
  Sandoglobulin™
  Schick Control
  Schick Test Toxin
  Scorpion Venom Antiserum
  Snake Venom Antiserum
  Soluble Insulin Inj.
  Streptokinase Inj. [Embokinase™ Kabikinase™ Streptase™]
  Succinylcholine Chloride Inj. [Midarine™ Scoline™]
  Tetanus Immunoglobulin BP (Human) [Tetglob™]
  Tetanus Vaccine (Adsorbed)
  Typhoid Paratyphoid A Vaccine
  Typhoid Vaccine Oral [Typhoral™]
  Typhoid Vaccine [Typhim VI™]
  Typhus Vaccine
  Vaccines
  Vasopressin Inj. [Petresin™]
  Vinblastine Sulphate Inj. [Cytoblastin™]
  Vincristine Sulphate Inj. [Cytocristn™ Vincristine™ Oncristine AQ™]
  Yellow Fever Vaccine, Live
3. Below 10° C: Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine, Human (Mouse Brain)
  Methylprednisolone Acetate Inj.
4. At a temp. Not exceeding 20° C: Chorionic Gonadotrophin Inj.
  (Pubergen 2000 IU ™)
  Urokinase™
5. Between 2° & 25° C: Human Plasma Protein Fraction
6. Between 20° & 30° C: Mannitol Inj.
7. In a Refrigerator: Velocite ™ & Pregcolor ™ Test Kits
8. 23° or below: Desferrioxamine Inj.
9. Store below 30°: Dobutamine Inj. USP 50 mg/ml
  Propofol Inj.™
10. Store in Cool Place: Heparin Inj.
  Morphine Inj.
11. To Be Stored Below 25° C: Cefotaxime Sodium Inj.
  Cefuroxime Sodium Inj.
  Dopamine Hydrochloride Inj. USP [Dopasys™]
  Enoxaparin Sodium Inj.
  Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin [Profasi™]
  Human Normal Albumin Soln [Alburel™]
  Menotrophin (hMG)[Pergonal 75™]
  Meropenam Inj.
  Naloxone Inj. 400mcg/ml
  Nifedipine Sustained Release Tab (Calcigard-10 Retard Tab™)
  Urofolliotrophin (FSH) 75 IU [Metrodin 75]
PRECAUTIONS  
1. Should not be allowed to freezeAntisera Inj. Cortisone Acetate Inj.
 Fluorouracil Inj.
 Gas Gangrene Antitoxin (Oedematiens)
 Gas-Gangrene Antitoxin (Perfringens)
 Gas-Gangrene Antitoxin (Septicum)
 Hepatitis B Virus Vaccine [H B Vac™ Inj., Shanvac-B™]
 Histaglobulin™ [lyophillised]
 Insulins
 Methylprednisolone Acetate Inj.
 Mixed Gas-Gangrene Antitoxin
 Oxytocin Inj.
 Plague Vaccine
 Rabies Vaccine, Human (Neural Tissue)
 Scorpion Venom Antiserum
 Snake Venom Antiserum
 Succinylcholine Chloride Inj.
 Typhoid Paratyphoid A Vaccine
 Typhoid Vaccine
 Vaccines
2. Avoid Long Exposure above 30° C  Cyclophosphamide Inj.  

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