Find your food allergies

Find your food allergies

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Food Fruit
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Find your food allergies

Food allergy is an abnormal response by our immune system to certain proteins found in foods. Even a small amount of food can cause allergic reactions. The symptoms may range from mild to severe.

They are most common in children but they appear at any age and affect adults too. For many children, allergy to foods like milk, wheat and eggs will eventually vanish as they get older; yet, severe allergies or allergic reactions to nuts or shellfish can be lifelong.

Symptoms

Symptoms of an allergic reaction involve various areas like the skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract.

Swelling in mouth
– Itching
Vomiting
– Diarrhea
– Abdominal pain and cramps
– Trouble breathing
– Tightening of the throat
– Weak pulse
– Dizziness
-Pale colouring of skin


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Common triggers

– Peanuts
– Sea foods (shellfish)
– Wheat
– Soy
– Milk
– Eggs
– Tree nuts
– Seeds (sesame/mustard)

The chemistry of it

When you have a food allergy, your immune system mistakenly identifies the specific substance in food as harmful. In response, your immune system triggers cells to release an antibody (IgE) to neutralise the allergy-causing food substance.

The next time you eat even the minimum quantity of food, IgE antibodies signal your immune system to release a chemical called histamine into your bloodstream. Then, these chemicals cause the allergy symptoms.

Common causes

– Family history
– Other allergies: if you are already allergic to one food, you may have an increased risk of becoming allergic to another food’s substance.
– Age: food allergies are common in children.
– Asthma/breathing trouble: asthma and food allergy occur together. Food allergy can lead to severe breathing problems.

Prevention

– The best way to prevent allergic reaction is to avoid foods that cause symptoms.
– Know what you are eating and drinking: read food labels carefully.
– Consult with doctors and carry medicines.
– Carry a meal or snacks before leaving home.
– Avoid outside foods.
– If you suspect you are allergic to any foods, please discuss the same with your physician and undergo the necessary tests. 
– Ensure that  you maintain a healthy nutrition schedule even if you have any food allergies and avoid the allergic foods.

By Divya PurushoTham


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