Last Updated on September 22, 2021 by The Health Master
India and Pharmacy Education: Chapter: 3
Continued……. India and Pharmacy Education: Chapter: 2
Pharmacy has always been defined as the science and technique of preparing and distributing medicinal drugs. However, it extends far beyond these roles. It is actually a health science meant for maintenance of a quality life of a patient. It is a link between medical sciences with chemistry.
It is initiated from discovery or synthesis or research and extends to clinical research, medicinal manufacturing, marketing, effective use, control and disposal of drugs. A person engaged in this profession needs to be well aware with knowledge of diseases and drugs.
What pathological conditions lead to a disease?
How do foreign bodies gain an entry and cause harmful effects?
What is the structure or physical state of a drug or dosage form?
How do drugs act in the body?
What is the dose required to provide therapeutic effect?
What receptors in the body system it interacts with?
What are the side effects associated with their use?
What interactions can take place with drug, be it drug food or drug drug interactions?
How much drug is absorbed in the body?
How much content is eliminated?
What are the metabolites of the drug?
What about the toxicity profile of a drug or a dosage regimen?
How can drug therapy be optimized for maximum benefits?
All these questions are answerable by a pharmacist. A pharmacist is a primary health professional and a drug expert.
Pharmacy can be practiced in following various domains:
This includes Community Pharmacy,
Hospital pharmacy and clinical pharmacy.
The other fields uncommon in India includes:
Veterinary pharmacy and
Community Pharmacy: Pharmacy is a term generally given to a place where drugs are stored or made available to the patients. In common man’s language, it can be called as drugstore. A retail store associated with a dispensary is called community Pharmacy.
Clinical pharmacy: It is operable at clinics and hospitals looking after clinical effects of new drugs in clinical trials and to evaluate appropriateness of existing drugs.
Ambulatory pharmacy: It has emerged as a unique pharmacy practice setting in Unites States based primarily on pharmacotherapy services. Here, a pharmacist sees patients in-office visits to manage chronic disease states.
Nuclear pharmacy: It is involved with preparing radioactive materials for diagnostic tests and undergo specific training to handle radioactive materials. They are no involved with patients directly.
Veterinary pharmacies: It cater the pharmaceutical needs of animals and keep a stock of veterinary medicines.
To be continued……. India and Pharmacy Education: Chapter: 4
By Dr. Kumud Madan
Author is Associate Professor at Lloyd Institute of Management and Technology (Pharm.) Greater Noida, India